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 Second Generation Computers (1954 -1959) - transistor

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Second Generation Computers (1954 -1959) - transistor Empty
PostSubject: Second Generation Computers (1954 -1959) - transistor   Second Generation Computers (1954 -1959) - transistor Empty26th June 2009, 14:25


  • 1950 - National Bureau of Standards (NBS) introduced its Standards Eastern Automatic Computer (SEAC) with 10,000 newly developed germanium diodes in its logic circuits, and the first magnetic disk drive designed by Jacob Rabinow
  • 1953 - Tom Watson, Jr., led IBM to introduce the model 604 computer, its first with transistors, that became the basis of the model 608 of 1957, the first solid-state computer for the commercial market. Transistors were expensive at first, cost $8 vs. $.75 for a vacuum tube. But Watson was impressed with the new transistor radios and gave them to his engineers to study. IBM also developed the 650 Magnetic Drum Calculator, the first by IBM to use magnetic drum memory rather punched cards, and began shipment of the 701 scientific "Defense Calculator" that was the first of the Model 700 line that dominated main frame computers for the next decade
  • 1955 - IBM introduced the 702 business computer; Watson on the cover of Time magazine March 28
  • 1956 - Bendix G-15A small business computer sold for only $45,000, designed by Harry Huskey of NBS
  • 1959 - General Electric Corporation delivered its Electronic Recording Machine Accounting (ERMA) computing system to the Bank of America in California; based on a design by SRI, the ERMA system employed Magnetic Ink Character Recognition (MICR) as the means to capture data from the checks and introduced automation in banking that continued with ATM machines in 1974

Second Generation Computers (1954 -1959) - transistor PDRM1333
transistor, from Smithsonian NMAH
Second Generation Computers (1954 -1959) - transistor PDRM1334a
"First transistor (model), December 1947. Constructed by John Bardeen, Walter Brattain and William Shockley at Bell Laboratories," from Smithsonian NMAH
Second Generation Computers (1954 -1959) - transistor PDRM1336a
Regency transistor radio 1954 (TL), Zenith transistor hearing aid 1952, from Smithsonian NMAH
Second Generation Computers (1954 -1959) - transistor PDRM1336b
Regency transistor radio 1954, from Smithsonian NMAH


Second Generation Computers (1954 -1959) - transistor PDRM1337a
Philco and Emerson transistor radios, from Smithsonian NMAH
Second Generation Computers (1954 -1959) - transistor PDRM1338
transistor radios, from Smithsonian NMAH
Second Generation Computers (1954 -1959) - transistor 86016
transistor radios, from Smithsonian NMAH


Second Generation Computers (1954 -1959) - transistor 86701
Maico hearing aid before and after transistors, from Fortune 1953/03
Second Generation Computers (1954 -1959) - transistor 86702
Morton, Shockley, White who developed transistor, from Fortune 1953/03
Second Generation Computers (1954 -1959) - transistor 86704
RCA transistor ad, from Fortune 1953/03
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